Mwananyamala Regional Referral Hospital is located in  Kinondoni Municipal Council serving a population of more 2.2mill people, This Hospital  is under the  Ministry of Health. It was established in July 1973 as a Mother and Child Helth Clinic (MCH Clinic).  In 1983 it was upgraded as the District Hospital, with four wards and bed capacity of 112. Currently the hospital bed capacity is 254 with bed occupancy of 317. It is a referral hospital for other Kinondoni  and Ubungo Public and Private Health Facilities. The hospital attends 1,500 up to 1,800 patients per day.

The Regional Referral Hospital activities are supervised by the Medical Officer In charge who is assisted by Heads of Departments and Sections. Their chain of communication is as indicated in the Organogram structure.